The False Positive Probabilities interactive table contains the results of running an automated transit falsepositiveprobability (FPP) calculating procedure on all KOIs. This procedure was first documented in Morton (2012) and has evolved slightly since then, with the most current description being in Montet et al. (2015). The code used to implement this procedure is the Python module vespa, which is freely available online at https://github.com/timothydmorton/vespa. After the completion of this work, the vespa code was further improved and the falsepositive probabilities recomputed in preparation for publication; the updated results can be found in Morton et al. 2016.
A key part of these calculations involves estimating the posterior probability distributions of the physical parameters of the transit host stars, which are modeled as single, binary, and triple systems and constrained by both broadband photometry and spectroscopy (when available). The vespa code uses the isochrones module to accomplish this, and the summary results of the singlestar fits are presented in this table alongside the FPP results.
These FPP calculations represent an additional level of analysis that might help determine which KOIs are planets and which are false positives. The results of this analysis have not yet been incorporated into any of the other Kepler data products. Consequently, they have not influenced the robovetter dispositions provided in the Q1Q17 DR24 KOI table (Coughlin et al. 2015) or the autovetter dispositions provided in the Q1Q17 DR24 TCE table (Catanzarite et al., 2015). Hence, these results could address the reliability of these catalogs by identifying residual false positives. Of course, it is also possible that one of the key assumptions of the FPP calculation is violated (e.g., the "exclusion radius" inside of which a blended eclipsing binary false positive might live could be underestimated) or the transit signature is an instrumental artifact that is not properly modeled by this analysis.
WARNING: When MCMC model fits fail to converge or yield unphysical parameters resulting in fpp_prob = NaN, other input columns may also be assigned empty values, even when other more suitable properties are available. There are 178 KOIs that failed to yield satisfactory model fits and may have empty values in multiple columns as a result.
Questions about the structure and use of this table in the archive format should be submitted through the Exoplanet Archive's Help Desk. Questions about the content descriptions should be sent to the MAST.
Database Column Name  Table Label  Description  Uncertainties Column (positive +) (negative ) 

kepid†  KepID  Kepler identification  
kepoi_name†  KOI Name  KOI name  
fpp_koi_period†  KOI Transit Period [days]  Orbital period of this KOI used in the False Positive probability analysis  
fpp_prad†  Planet Radius Value [Earth radii] 
Planet radius (planet/star radius ratio used [fpp_ror ] times stellar radius from Kepler Stellar table) [Earth radii] 

fpp_probv  Probability to be Any of the Considered Astrophysical False Positive Scenarios  Probability of KOI to be any of the considered astrophysical false positive scenarios, determined by vespa calculation.  
fpp_score†  DR24: Sum of Likelihood for All of the Considered Models DR25: Shape Score 
DR24: Sum of likelihood * prior for all of the considered models (eb, heb, beb, planet);
a measure of the reliability of the calculation. Very small numbers (e.g., <1e10) indicate that none of
the models is a good fit, indicating perhaps an instrumental or stellar variabilitytriggered false alarm.
For such KOIs, the DR25: In an attempt to make up for the fact that vespa does not consider instrumental false alarms, two artificial (i.e. nonastrophysical) models (called "boxy" and "long") are fit to the data. The individual probabilities for these two artificial models are not listed in the table, but 'fpp_score' = 1  pr('boxy')  pr('long'). As such, it represents the probability the signal is NOT consistent with one of the artificial models. Note that the definition of fpp_score has changed relative to the DR24 table. 

fpp_delivname†  Name of Delivery  The table delivery name from the Kepler Project.  
fpp_spec_occrate†  Specific Planet Occurrence Rate  Specific planet occurrence rate (integral of Fressin+ (2013) planet occurrence rate over bin from 0.7*rp to 1.3*rp) used to calculate FPP.  
fpp_secthresh†  Maximum Allowed Secondary Eclipse Depth [ppm] 
DR24:Maximum allowed secondaryeclipse depth [ppm]. This value is taken from the DR24 robovetter table modelshift secondary tests, calculated as follows:
For KOIs not in the DR24 list, this number is taken from the internal weakSecondary_socv9p2vv.csv file provided by the Kepler Science Office. If a KOI is not in that table either, it is estimated to be 10x the pipelinereported depth error koi_depth_err1. DR25: Maximum allowed secondaryeclipse depth [ppm]. This value is computed using metrics tabulated in the DR25 robovetter OBS input table, specifically those metrics related to the modelshift secondary tests. The maximum allowed secondary eclipse depth is calculated as follows: max(mod_depth_sec_dv * (1+3*mod_fred_dv/mod_sig_sec_dv), mod_depth_sec_alt * (1+3*mod_fred_alt/mod_sig_sec_alt).
This value is described in more detail in Section 3 of Morton et al. (2016). 

fpp_maxrad†  Maximum Allowed SkyProjected Distance for False Positive Scenarios [arcsec] 
Maximum skyprojected distance allowed for false positive [arcsec].
This is to be taken to be either max(3*koi_dicco_msky_err, 0.5) ,
or a default of 4" if koi_dicco_msky_err is not available. 

fpp_prob_heb†  Probability to be a Hierarchical Eclipsing Binary  Probability of KOI to be a hierarchical eclipsing binary false positive, determined by vespa calculation.  
fpp_prob_ueb†  Probability to be an Unblended Eclipsing Binary  Probability of KOI to be an unblended eclipsing binary false positive, determined by vespa calculation.  
fpp_prob_beb†  Probability to be a Blended Eclipsing Binary  Probability of KOI to be an blended eclipsing binary false positive (chancealigned, not hierarchical), determined by vespa calculation.  
fpp_prob_heb_dbl†  Probability to be Double Period Hierarchical Eclipsing Binary  Probability of KOI to be a double period hierarchical eclipsing binary false positive, determined by vespa calculation.  
fpp_prob_ueb_dbl†  Probability to be a Double Period Unblended Eclipsing Binary  Probability of KOI to be a double period unblended eclipsing binary false positive, determined by vespa calculation.  
fpp_prob_beb_dbl†  Probability to be a Double Period Blended Eclipsing Binary  Probability of KOI to be a double period blended eclipsing binary false positive (chancealigned, not hierarchical), determined by vespa calculation.  
fpp_fail_reason  Reason for Failure  Probabilities are not reported when the calculation fails. The reasons for failure are: UnphysicalPeriod, UnphysicalMCMC, NoMCMC, TrapMCMCNotConverged, NoStellar, and Other.  
fpp_ror†  PlanetStar Radius Ratio  Planet/star radius ratio used, based on MCMC fits (Jason Rowe)  
fpp_steff†  Stellar Effective Temperature [K]  Stellar effective temperature [K] based on MultiNest fit to Dartmouth stellar model grids, used in FPP calculations  (+) fpp_steffderr1 () fpp_stefferr2 
fpp_logg  Stellar Surface Gravity [log10(cm/s**2)]]  Stellar surface gravity [cgs] based on MultiNest fit to Dartmouth stellar model grids, used in FPP calculations  (+) fpp_loggderr1 () fpp_loggerr2 
fpp_smet  Stellar Metallicity [dex]  Stellar [Fe/H] based on MultiNest fit to Dartmouth stellar model grids, used in FPP calculations [dex]  (+) fpp_smetderr1 () fpp_smeterr2 
fpp_srad†  Stellar Radius [Solar radii]  Stellar radius [solar] based on MultiNest fit to Dartmouth stellar model grids, used in FPP calculations  (+) fpp_sraderr1 () fpp_sraderr2 
fpp_smass†  Stellar Mass [Solar mass]  Stellar mass [solar] based on MultiNest fit to Darthmouth stellar model grids, used in FPP calculations  (+) fpp_smasserr1 () fpp_smasserr2 
fpp_sage†  Stellar Age [yr]  log_10 of stellar age [yr] baed on MultiNest fit to Dartmouth stellar model grids, used in FPP calculations  (+) fpp_sageerr1 () fpp_sageerr2 
fpp_dist†  Stellar Distance [pc]  Stellar distance [pc] based on MultiNest fit to Dartmouth stellar model grids, used in FPP calculations  (+) fpp_disterr1 () fpp_disterr2 
fpp_av†  Av Extinction [mag]  A_V extinction [mag], based on MultiNest fit to Dartmouth stellar model grids, used in FPP calculations  (+) fpp_averr1 () fpp_averr2 
fpp_max_av  Maximum Allowed Av Extinction [mag]  Maximum A_V extinction [mag], based on dust extinction models  (+) fpp_maxaverr1 () fpp_maxaverr2 
fpp_pr_steff_mu  Prior Stellar Effective Temperature Mean [K] 
DR24: Mean of stellar effective temperature prior use in MultiNest fit, taken from the Q1Q16 stellar catalog [K] DR25: Mean of the stellar effective temperature prior used in the MultiNest fit, taken from the DR25 star properties catalog. Priors for the stellar fit were only used in cases where stellar properties have spectroscopic provenances as indicated by the teff_prov flag in the DR25 star properties catalog. All other KOIs (5,370 total) contain empty values. 

fpp_pr_steff_sig  Prior Stellar Effective Temperature Standard Deviation [K]  Standard deviation of stellar effective temperature prior use in MultiNest fit, taken from the Q1Q16 stellar catalog [K]  
fpp_pr_slogg_mu  Prior Stellar Surface Gravity Mean [log10cm/s**2)] 
DR24: Mean of stellar surface gravity prior use in MultiNest fit, taken from the Q1Q16 stellar catalog [cgs] DR25: Mean of the stellar surface gravity prior used in the MultiNest fit, taken from the DR25 star properties catalog. Priors for the stellar fit were only used in cases where stellar properties have spectroscopic provenances as indicated by the teff_prov flag in the DR25 star properties catalog. All other KOIs (5,370 total) contain empty values. 

fpp_pr_slogg_sig  Prior Stellar Surface Gravity Standard Deviation [log10(cm/s**2)] 
DR24: Standard deviation of stellar surface gravity prior use in MultiNest fit, taken from the Q1Q16 stellar catalog [cgs] DR25: Standard deviation of stellar surface gravity prior used in MultiNest fit, taken from the DR25 star properties catalog. Priors for the stellar fit were only used in cases where stellar properties have spectroscopic provenances as indicated by the teff_prov flag in the DR25 star properties catalog. All other KOIs (5,370 total) contain empty values. 

fpp_pr_smet_mu  Prior Stellar Metallicity Mean [dex]  Mean of stellar [Fe/H] prior use in MultiNest fit, taken from the Q1Q16 stellar catalog [dex]  
fpp_pr_smet_sig  Prior Stellar Metallicity Standard Deviation [dex] 
DR24:Standard deviation of stellar [Fe/H] prior use in MultiNest fit, taken from the Q1Q16 stellar catalog [dex] DR25: Standard deviation of stellar [Fe/H] prior used in MultiNest fit, taken from the DR25 star properties catalog. Priors for the stellar fit were only used in cases where stellar properties have spectroscopic provenances as indicated by the teff_prov flag in the DR25 star properties catalog. All other KOIs (5,370 total) contain empty values. 
Last updated: 11 February 2021